Science

"The true sign of intelligence is not knowledge but imagination"   
Albert Einstein

The Science Department (Science, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Psychology and Applied Science)

At St. George’s Science is taught in purpose-designed laboratories by subject specialist teachers who are passionate about their subject and keep themselves up to date with the latest developments through regular training.  

We promote a love of science through interactively imparting knowledge alongside opportunities to investigative scientific phenomena - proactively involving parents and guardians along the journey.  

We align with the school ethos of enabling all pupils to excel by removing barriers to learning science so all can succeed equally and provide an enrichening education by going beyond the classroom to highlight how science appears in society and shapes our world.  

We aim to empower all students from all backgrounds to become scientifically literate citizens, confident in interpreting, analysing and critiquing information throughout their life.  

For those with the greatest passion we will enable them to continuing the pursuit of science into higher education to become the scientists of the future.

Science though the key stages: 

From year 7 onwards, we develop pupils scientific knowledge across Chemistry, Biology and Physics. In addition to this we focus on improving students’ numeracy skills with dedicated lessons looking at analysing data, presenting conclusions, interpreting and drawing graphs, algebra, geometry and number.

We also develop the ability to “work scientifically” through regular scientific investigation and opportunities for other scientific skills such as communication, peer review, ethics and technology.  

Our curriculum is designed to stimulate pupil’s curiosity and make them well-rounded individuals. We actively make efforts to increase student’s cultural capital by making links to what students learn in lessons with everyday life events, provide career opportunities and highlight routes into further education.  

Staff

  • Mr W Stevens - Head of Department
  • Ms E Aherne
  • Ms M Alisandarage - Science Technician
  • Mr Ankers
  • Mr C Barbara
  • Ms H Barnes - Teacher in Charge of Psychology
  • Ms J Carleton
  • Ms J Ihm - Lead for BTEC Science
  • Ms J Kouassi
  • Mr D Osborne
  • Ms Z Rangnekar
  • Mr M Thomas

Want to find out more? 
If you wish to find out more about Science at St George’s please feel free to contact Mr W Stevens at 
W.Stevens@stgeorgesrc.org.

For more information on A Level Psychology or BTEC Science please see the designated tabs below.

During KS3 students build excellent foundations in scientific knowledge and investigative skills. We guide our students through the scientific curriculum covering the theoretical concepts with engaging lessons and dedicating lessons to the planning, conducting and analysis of scientific investigations. We see KS3 as an opportunity for students to investigate, ask questions and build a love for the subject. 

Throughout the year we provide opportunities for scientific trips, arrange a zoo visit to our labs and host dissections after school for our KS3 students. We also organise a number of events for Science Week every year!

There are dedicated lessons to developing numeracy and “working scientifically” skills to ensure students are able to interpret and understand science in lessons and everyday life.

Year 7 Scheme of Work:

Biology:

  • Cells
  • Tissues, organs and organ systems
  • Breathing system
  • Digestive system
  • Enzymes
  • Balanced diet
  • Interdependence
  • Classification or vertebrates and invertebrates

Physics:

  • Energy
  • States of matter
  • Diffusion and pressure
  • Thermal energy
  • Speed
  • Distance and time
  • Sound
  • Use of sound
  • Electricity
  • Solar system

 Chemistry

  • Elements, compounds and mixtures
  • Mixtures and separation
  • Acid and alkalis
  • Salts
  • Rock cycle

Skills:

  • Line graphs
  • Formula and algebra
  • Bar graphs
  • Equipment and lab safety
  • Scientific questioning and variables
  • Review of theories

Year 8 Scheme of Work:

Biology:

  • Aerobic and anaerobic respiration
  • Photosynthesis
  • Plant fertiliser and growth
  • Animal reproduction
  • Pregnancy
  • Plant reproductive
  • Pollination
  • Seed dispersal
  • DNA and inheritance
  • Variation
  • Evolution
  • Speciation
  • Extinction

Physics:

  • Forces
  • Hooke’s law
  • Work done
  • Magnets and electromagnets
  • Light

Chemistry:

  • The periodic table
  • Group 1/7/0
  • Chemical and physical changes
  • Exothermic and endothermic
  • Combustion, thermal decomposition and oxidation
  • Reactivity series of metals
  • Metals from the ore
  • Recycling metals
  • Carbon cycle and the greenhouse effect

Skills:

  • Scatter graphs
  • Line graphs
  • Scientific questioning
  • Mean / mode / median / range / anomalies
  • Evidence and sources
  • Bar Graphs
  • Ethics and science
  • Scientific peer review

 Year 9 Scheme of Work:

Biology:

  • Cells
  • Microscopes
  • Digestion
  • Enzymes
  • Diffusion and active transport
  • Surface area and volume
  • Osmosis
  • Food tests

Chemistry:

  • Elements, compounds and mixtures
  • Separation techniques
  • Atom structure
  • Periodic table
  • Metals and non-metals
  • Reactivity series

Physics:

  • Energy
  • Work done
  • Power
  • The states of matter
  • Density
  • Internal energy
  • Particle motion in gases

Skills:

  • Line graphs
  • Percentage change
  • Types of error
  • Risks and benefits in science
  • Decimals and significant figures
  • Formulas / algebra
  • Standard form and orders of magnitude
  • Calculating area and volume
  • Frequency tables and histograms
  • Critiquing claims and justifying opinions
  • Evidence and sources
  • Peer review
  • Scientific communication

We begin our scientific journey through KS4 science in year 10. The majority of our pupils read the Combined Science: Trilogy syllabus, with a smaller, select group studying the triple Science course. 

Start of KS4 is an opportune time for pupils to expand their scientific knowledge. They conduct more than 24 practical activities to put their theory into practice. Teachers regularly mark and assess pupil work to provide them with developmental feedback. Teachers dedicate their spare time to further support pupils through after school and Saturday revision sessions.  

We continue to provide dedicated lessons to numeracy and “working scientifically” skills to advance our students’ abilities in interpreting and explaining science through data and understand the investigative approach in greater detail. 

Pupils also have the opportunity of completing work experience in St. George’s university, attend workshops on engineering and medicine and attend trips allowing them to expand their knowledge outside of classrooms.  

Pupils study AQA syllabus, specification for which can be found here:

https://www.aqa.org.uk/subjects/science/gcse/combined-science-trilogy-8464

Year 10 Core

Biology:

  • Respiratory system
  • Heart and blood
  • Health and immunity
  • Respiration and exercise
  • Metabolism
  • Plant tissue and photosynthesis
  • Ecology
  • Nutrient cycles
  • Biodiversity
  • Global warming
  • Sampling

Chemistry:

  • Earth’s atmosphere
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Earth’s resources
  • Recycling and LCAs
  • Potable and waste water
  • Atomic structure
  • Group 1/ 7 / 0
  • Bonding
  • Acids and alkalis
  • Acids and metals
  • Soluble salts
  • Purity and formulations
  • Tests for common gases

Physics:

  • Atomic structure and history
  • Radiation
  • Current, voltage and resistance
  • Circuits and devices
  • Resistors
  • Electricity supply
  • Forces
  • Magnets

Skills:

  • Scatter diagrams and data patterns
  • Graph drawing
  • Models and their uses
  • Applications of science in technology
  • Careers in science from national grid
  • Unit conversions
  • Ratios and fractions
  • Probability
  • Frequency tables and histograms
  • Key equation recap

Year 10 triple

Biology:

  • The respiratory system
  • The heart and blood.
  • Heath and diseases
  • Vaccinations and antibiotics
  • Developing drugs
  • Culturing microorganisms
  • Plant diseases and defense
  • Respiration and exercise
  • Photosynthesis
  • Plant tissues and organs
  • Ecology
  • Adaptations in plants and animals
  • Trophic levels
  • Water and carbon cycles
  • Decomposition
  • Classification and biodiversity
  • Water and land pollution
  • Global warming
  • Quadrats and transects
  • Impact of environmental change
  • Food security and role of biotechnology in farming

Chemistry:

  • The atmosphere
  • Renewable & non renewable energy
  • Greenhouse gases & carbon footprint
  • Crude oil and fractional distillation
  • Resources and sustainability
  • Life cycle assessments
  • Alkenes, alcohols and carboxylic acids
  • Polymerisation
  • States of matter
  • Periodic table and groups
  • Ionic and covalent bonding
  • Ionic, simple and giant covalent structures
  • Nanoparticles
  • Properties of transition metals
  • Metallic bonding
  • Alloys and their uses
  • Corrosion
  • Ceramics, polymers and composites
  • Acids and alkalis
  • Reactions of acids and metals
  • Soluble salts practical
  • Gas test, flame tests and ion tests
  • Carbonates, halides and sulphates
  • Instrumental methods and flame emission spectroscopy
  • Potable water
  • Waste water treatments
  • Analysis and purification of water practical

Physics:

  • Static and electric fields
  • Circuits, current and potential difference
  • Series and parallel circuits
  • Resistance practicals
  • Thermistors, diodes and LDR’s
  • Resistance and I-V characteristics
  • Resistance across components practical
  • Electricity
  • Power and energy transfer
  • Power and resistance
  • The national grid
  • Vectors and scalar quantities
  • Weight and centre of mass
  • Resultant forces
  • Resolving forces
  • Hooke’s Law and practical
  • Moments, levers and gears
  • Pressure in fluids
  • Atmospheric pressure
  • Floating and sinking
  • Pressure in gases
  • Magnets and electromagnets
  • The motor effect
  • Induced potential difference
  • AC generators vs dynamos
  • Microphones vs loud speakers
  • Transformers
  • Atomic structure
  • Radioactive decay
  • Half life
  • Nuclear fission and fusion 

Skills:

  • Scatter diagrams
  • Graph drawing
  • Models and their uses (Mathematical)
  • Theories
  • Mean, medium, mode and uncertainty
  • Rations and fractions
  • Probability
  • Applications of tech
  • Percentages and percentage change
  • Conversions and algebra
  • Hypothesis and variables
  • Frequency tables and histograms
  • Estimates
  • Uncertainty in measurements
  • Decimals and significant figures
  • Standard form

Year 11 core

Chemistry:

  • Metal extraction
  • Redox
  • Electrolysis
  • Quantitative chemistry
  • Exothermic and endothermic reactions
  • Rate of reaction
  • Reversible reactions
  • Le Chatelier’s principle

Physics:

  • Speed
  • Newton’s laws
  • Momentum and stopping
  • Waves

Biology:

  • DNA
  • Reproduction
  • Genetics and Inheritance
  • Evolution and species
  • Homeostasis
  • Nervous response
  • Endocrine
  • Glucose control
  • Fertility

Skills:

  • Algebra
  • Decimals, significant figures and standard form
  • Uncertainty measurements
  • Gradients and area under the curve
  • Graphs
  • Power, limitations and ethical issues in science

Revision for end of year exams

 

Year 11 triple

Chemistry:

  • Metal extraction
  • Redox
  • Electrolysis
  • Chemical cells and batteries
  • Quantitative chemistry
  • Titrations practical
  • Exothermic and endothermic reactions
  • Rate of reaction
  • Reversible reactions
  • Le Chatelier’s principle
  • The Haber Process
  • NPK fertilisers
  • Potable water
  • Analysis and purification of water practical

Physics:

  • Speed
  • Newton’s laws
  • Momentum and stopping distance
  • Waves
  • Reflection and refraction
  • Filters and lenses
  • Sound waves
  • Seismic waves and earthquakes
  • Leslie cube practical
  • Space and the solar system

Biology:

  • DNA
  • Reproduction
  • Genetics and inheritance
  • Protein synthesis
  • Evolution and species
  • Cloning animals and plants
  • Inheritance and variation
  • Homeostasis
  • Nervous response
  • Endocrine
  • Glucose control
  • Fertility
  • Plant hormones

Skills:

  • Algebra
  • Uncertainty measurements
  • Gradients and area under the curve
  • Graphs
  • Power, limitations and ethical issues in science

Revision for end of year exams

 

BIOLOGY

At KS5 we build on previous knowledge and skills to develop our pupils as confident scientists. The new curriculum provides pupils with a broad opportunity to conduct investigations. A minimum of 12 practical activities are conducted as part of this course. 

Biology at our school has been extremely popular and successful. Each year most of our Biologists have gone to pursue either medicine or biology based subjects in Russel group universities. Rigorous BMAT and UKCAT preparatory sessions are in place to further support pupils. Pupils can also avail themselves to interview practice sessions. Through our close working relations with top universities we are able to apply for pupils to attend summer schools affording them the opportunity to gain hospital work experience. 

Pupils study AQA syllabus, the full specification can be found at here:

https://filestore.aqa.org.uk/resources/biology/specifications/AQA-7401-7402-SP-2015.PDF

In year 12, pupils study the following topics:

  • Biological molecules
  • Cells
  • Organisms exchange substances with their environment 
  • Genetic information, variation and relationships between organisms

In year 13, pupils study the following topics:

  • Energy transfers in and between organisms
  • Organisms respond to changes in their internal and external environments
  • Genetics, populations, evolution and ecosystems
  • The control of gene expression

PHYSICS

Physics is the study of how things work and how the Universe functions. KS5 physics begins studying matter at a very small scale, building on acquired GCSE knowledge of fundamental particles, to modules concerning gravitational fields and mechanics. Throughout all the topics pupils will learn problem solving skills that will help you in many future careers.

Physics at our school has become increasingly popular, with each year pupils applying to Russel Group universities to study engineering, architecture or physics based subjects. During the course of their studies, pupils can attend the Sussex Study Experience designed to enrich the pupil’s knowledge of physics or engineering at an undergraduate level.

Pupils study AQA syllabus, specification for which can be found at:

http://filestore.aqa.org.uk/resources/physics/specifications/AQA-7407-7408-SP-2015.PDF 

In year 12, pupils study the following topics:

  • Particles and radiation – the fundamental properties of matter, radiation and energy.
  • Waves – understanding everyday applications to fundamental discoveries.
  • Mechanics and materials – A starting point for many future careers i.e. engineering, transport and technology.
  • Electricity – from basic principles to calculations.

In year 13, pupils study the following topics:

  • Further mechanics and thermal physics – building on AS topics with circular motion and material properties.
  • Fields and their consequences – The similarities and differences between gravitational, electric and magnetic fields.
  • Nuclear physics – developing the understanding of the nucleus.
  • An option of:

o Astrophysics

o Medical physics

o Engineering physics

o Turning points in physics

o Electronics

CHEMISTRY

In Chemistry at KS5, we develop knowledge and skills from KS4. We introduce them to a wide range of new topics from fundamental Chemistry to innovative new concepts. The curriculum provides students with the change to engage with topics that are linked to real world problems, such as climate change. Through practical assessments students are able to conduct investigations and acquire important laboratory skills and techniques. A minimum of 12 practical activities are conducted as part of this course. 

Chemistry is an excellent subject to study, it provides a platform to study many degrees at University and can lead to many varying degrees in science. Chemistry at our school has been extremely popular and successful. Students who study Chemistry go on to study a wide range of science based degrees from Biochemistry and biomedicine to forensic science. Chemistry is a requirement to study Medicine at University and many of our students go on to study medicine. Through our close working relations with top universities we are able to apply for pupils to attend summer schools affording them the opportunity to gain hospital work experience. Students through studying Chemistry at A level develop excellent skills in problem solving that can set them up for a wide variety of other degrees and careers.

Pupils study AQA syllabus, the specification can be found here:

https://filestore.aqa.org.uk/resources/chemistry/specifications/AQA-7404-7405-SP-2015.PDF

 

In year 12, pupils study the following topics:

Physical Chemistry

  • Atomic Structure, Kinetics, energetics, equilibrium and redox reactions.

Inorganic Chemistry

  • Periodicity, Group 2 and group 7.

Organic Chemistry

  • Alkanes, Alkenes, Halogenoalkanes, alcohols and organic analysis.

 

In year 13, pupils study the following topics:

Physical Chemistry

  • Rates, thermodynamics, equilibrium, electrochemical cells, acids

Inorganic Chemistry

  • Transition metals and reactions of aqueous ions.

Organic Chemistry

  • Optical isomerism, Aldehydes, ketones, Carboxylic acids, Aromatic chemistry, Amines, Polymers, Amino acids, proteins, DNA, Organic synthesis, Nuclear magnetic resonance and chromatography.

 

Pearson BTEC Level 3 National Extended Certificate in Applied Science

BTEC Level 3 National Extended Certificate in Applied Science is a vocation or work-related qualification. The course is designed for learners who are interested in learning about the science and technological sectors alongside other fields of study, with a view to progressing to a wide range of higher education courses, not necessarily in applied science. The scientific field is an exciting and constantly changing environment, with a wide range of opportunities. This course aims to equip students with many skills which are recognised and desired in all science and technological sectors.

The BTEC Level 3 National Extended Certificate is equivalent to one GCE A Level. You can reach 56 UCAS Tariff points with a Distinction*.

There are four units in total, two units per academic year. Each year will consist of one exam unit and one coursework unit.

In Year 12 the two units studied are:

1  Principles and Applications of Science I

A Periodicity and properties of elements (Chemistry)

B Structure and functions of cells and tissues (Biology)

C Waves in communication (Physics)

2   Practical Scientific Procedures and Techniques

A Undertake titration and colourimetry to determine the concentration of solutions

B Undertake Calorimetry to study cooling curves

C Undertake Chromatographic techniques to identify components in mixtures

D Reflection as a scientist

 

In Year 13 the two units studied are:

Scientific Investigation Skills (Externally Assessed)

-Planning a scientific investigation

-Data collection, processing and analysis/interpretation

-Drawing conclusions and evaluation

-Essential Practicals: Enzymes in action, Diffusion of molecules, Plants and their environment, Energy content of fuels, Electrical circuits

Human Regulation and Reproduction (Internally Assessed)

 - Interrelationships and nervous control of the cardiovascular and     respiratory systems

- Homeostatic mechanisms used by the human body

- The Role of hormones in the regulation and control of the reproductive system

 

Pupils study Pearson’s syllabus, specification for which can be found at:

https://qualifications.pearson.com/content/dam/pdf/BTEC-Nationals/Applied-Science/2016/specification-and-sample-assessments/9781446938164_BTECNat_AppSci_ExtCert_Spec.pdf

Pearson BTEC Level 3 National Extended Certificate in Applied Science

BTEC Level 3 National Extended Certificate in Applied Science is a vocation or work-related qualification. The course is designed for learners who are interested in learning about the science and technological sectors alongside other fields of study, with a view to progressing to a wide range of higher education courses, not necessarily in applied science. The scientific field is an exciting and constantly changing environment, with a wide range of opportunities. This course aims to equip students with many skills which are recognised and desired in all science and technological sectors.

The BTEC Level 3 National Extended Certificate is equivalent to one GCE A Level. You can reach 56 UCAS Tariff points with a Distinction*.

There are four units in total, two units per academic year. Each year will consist of one exam unit and one coursework unit.

In Year 12 the two units studied are:

1  Principles and Applications of Science I

A Periodicity and properties of elements (Chemistry)

B Structure and functions of cells and tissues (Biology)

C Waves in communication (Physics)

2   Practical Scientific Procedures and Techniques

A Undertake titration and colourimetry to determine the concentration of solutions.

B Undertake Calorimetry to study cooling curves.

C Undertake Chromatographic techniques to identify components in mixtures

D Reflection as a scientist

 

In Year 13 the two units studied are:

Scientific Investigation Skills (Externally Assessed)

  • Planning a scientific investigation
  • Data collection, processing and analysis/interpretation
  • Drawing conclusions and evaluation
  • Essential Practicals: Enzymes in action, Diffusion of molecules, Plants and their environment, Energy content of fuels, Electrical circuits

Human Regulation and Reproduction (Internally Assessed)

  • Interrelationships and nervous control of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems
  • Homeostatic mechanisms used by the human body
  • The Role of hormones in the regulation and control of the reproductive system

Pupils study Pearson’s syllabus, specification for which can be found at:

https://qualifications.pearson.com/content/dam/pdf/BTEC-Nationals/Applied-Science/2016/specification-and-sample-assessments/9781446938164_BTECNat_AppSci_ExtCert_Spec.pdf

Staff

  • Ms J Ihm - Lead for BTEC Science
  • Mr D Osborne

Want to find out more? 
If you wish to find out more about Science at St George’s please feel free to contact Ms J Ihm at 
J.Ihm@stgeorgesrc.org.

PSYCHOLOGY

Psychology is a popular subject at St George’s, which is attractive to students because it develops a range of valuable skills including critical analysis, independent thinking and research. These skills are particularly relevant to young people and are transferable to further study and workplace.  The AQA qualification offers students an engaging and stimulating introduction to the study of psychology, combined with the academic integrity and skills that Higher Education and employers value.  Associated careers include teaching, nursing, human resources, marketing, and clinical psychology.

Past students have successfully completed the Nuffield Health work experience placement in their chosen area of psychological study. The department organises student visits to Universities for taster days, as well as conferences linked to areas of study. 

Pupils study AQA syllabus, specification for which can be found at:

https://filestore.aqa.org.uk/resources/psychology/specifications/AQA-7181-7182-SP-2015.PDF

Topics studied across the two-year course are listed below, as well as the link to the specification taught here at St George’s.

  1. Social Influence
  2. Memory
  3. Attachment
  4. Psychopathology
  5. Approaches in psychology
  6. Biopsychology
  7. Research Methods
  8. Issues and Debates in psychology
  9. Gender
  10. Schizophrenia
  11. Aggression

 

Staff

  • Ms H Barnes - Teacher in Charge of Psychology

Want to find out more? 
If you wish to find out more about Science at St George’s please feel free to contact Ms H Barnes at 
H.Barnes@stgeorgesrc.org

At St George’s we aim to support students to enter into scientific degrees and careers in the following ways: 

Supporting year 13 students with their science specific UCAS applications.

Enrolling students for university outreach lecture series and talks from researchers: 

  • Chemistry lecture series 
  • Biology Masterclass with Royal Holloway 
  • Physics focused Oxford and imperial research talks in school 

Taking students on scientific trips and putting on workshops.  

  • Sixth form biology, chemistry and physics students visiting local research institutions 
  • The transport museum for Ks3 
  • National Grid Engineer Careers talk – KS4 
  • Westminster STEAM week events – KS3 and KS4 
  • Exploring different scientific careers during science week assemblies– KS4  

Proactively sourcing and promoting summer schools to KS3, KS4 and KS5 across the year and supporting student application to the summer schools. 

Actively linking topics taught in class to university degrees and careers to inspire and motivate our students.